The event database contains all event-related information for the World of Photonics Congress.
Lecture Hall ICM - Internationales Congress Center München European Conferences on Biomedical Optics (ECBO) > Translation of Lasers and Biophotonics Technologies and Procedures: Toward the Clinic > PDT Delivery and Monitoring II
12:30-12:45 h | ICM - Internationales Congress Center München ICM Room 11
Subjects: Biophotonics and Medical Engineering
Chairman: Mikhail Kirillin (, Institute of Applied Physics)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) and/or photodetection (PDD) based on protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) are used in many medical fields. However, the endogenous production of PpIX in the tissue after administration of its precursor, 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), is frequently insufficient and, in particular, inhomogeneous, leading to unsatisfactory treatment outcomes or false negatives. Photobiomodulation (PBM), which is based on the application of a sub-thermal dose of red or near infra-red light (typically in the range of 600 – 900 nm), is known to modulate, among others, the cell metabolism, as demonstrated by an increased production of adenosine triphosphate and changes of the mitochondrial potential. Yet, the precise mechanism of PBM and, furthermore, the optimal irradiation conditions are to be determined. In the work reported here, we have studied the dependence of the endogenous PpIX production by U-87 glioma cells on various PBM irradiation protocols (wavelengths, irradiations, light doses). We have shown that PBM can increase, and even homogenize the endogenous production of PpIX in these cells. Therefore, combining PBM with PDT or PDD could lead to more potent and satisfying cancer treatments or detections outcomes, in particular in neurosurgery, dermatology, and urology.